Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple
Sri KrishnadevarayaAll the great dynasties of rulers of the southern peninsula have paid homage to Lord Sri Venkateswara in this ancient shrine.
It was during the rule of the Vijayanagar dynasty that the contributions to the temple increased. Sri Krishnadevaraya had statues of himself and his consorts installed at the portals of the temple, and these statues can be seen to this day. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya in the main temple.
After the decline of the Vijayanagar dynasty, nobles and chieftains from all parts of the country continued to pay their homage and offer gifts to the temple. The Maratha general, Raghoji Bhonsle, visited the temple and set up a permanent endowment for the conduct of worship in the temple. He also presented valuable jewels to the Lord, including a large emerald which is still preserved in a box named after the General. Among the later rulers who have endowed large amounts are the rulers of Mysore and Gadwal.
After the fall of the Hindu kingdoms, the Muslim rulers of Karnataka and then the Britishers took over, and many of the temples came under their supervisory and protective control.
In 1843 AD, the East India Company divested itself of the direct management of non-Christian places of worship and native religious institutions. The administration of the shrine of Sri Venkateswara and a number of estates were then entrusted to Sri Seva Dossji of the Hatiramji Mutt at Tirumala, and the temple remained under the administration of the Mahants for nearly a century, till 1933 AD.
In 1933, the Madras Legislature passed a special act, which empowered the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams(TTD) Committee to control and administer a fixed group of temples in the Tirumala-Tirupati area, through a Commissioner appointed by the Government of Madras.
In 1951, the Act of 1933 was replaced by an enactment whereby the administration of TTD was entrusted to a Board of Trustees, and an Executive Officer was appointed by the Government .
The provisions of the Act of 1951 were retained by Charitable and Religious Endowments Act, 1966.
Tirupati town is 67-km from Chittoor in Chittoor district, the southern portion of Andhra Pradesh. The most important place of interest at the place is the historic shrine of Sri Venkateswara, the Lord of Seven Hills, who is famous all over the country.
The shrine is situated on a hill at Tirumala, a cluster of seven hills known as Seshachalam or Venkatachalam with an elevation of 853m (2,800ft.) over the sea level. Said to be the richest temple in the world, this temple is a vibrant cultural and philanthropic institution with a grand history across several centuries. It attracts pilgrims from all over the country who stand in line for hours together to obtain a glimpse of the presiding deity for a few fleeting seconds.
A Fine Example Of Dravidian Temple Architecture Tirupati Tirumala Balaji Temple at Tirumala is believed to have existed from earliest times. The dynasties like the Pallavas of Kanchipuram, the Cholas of Tanjore, the Pandyas of Madurai and the Kings and chiefs of Vijayanagara, vied with one another in endowing the Shrine and contribution worship of the presiding deity. The Tirupati temple with its 'gopuram' or tower is a fine example of Dravidian architecture.
The elaborate rituals and mode of worship in the temple were prescribed by the saint Ramanujacharya and are being followed even today. Anointing the idol with camphor, and the offering by pilgrims of the hair on their heads by getting themselves shaved by licensed barbers are the important customs in vogue at Tirupati Temple.
The 'Vimana' or Cupola over the sanctum sanctorum is covered entirely with gold plate and is known as "the Ananda Nilayam". The Shrine consists of three 'Prakarams' or enclosures. The outermost enclosure contains the 'Dhvajastambha' or the banner post and, among others, the statues of Vijayanagara king Krishnadevaraya and his consorts, and of Todarmal, the minister of Akbar. The idol of the deity, the full figure of Lord Venkateswara or 'Venkataramana' or 'Srinivasa' or 'Balaji' (as is called in various parts of the country) has the attributes of both Vishnu and Shiva, preserving and destroying aspects of the Hindu Trinity.
The most visited temple of India, Tirupati Balaji Temple is also of greater significance in the country. Flocked by devotees from all over the world, the Balaji Temple is one of the most important Hindu pilgrimage centre. Associated deeply with many of Hindu mythologies, the temple is famous for its historic shrine of lord Venkateswar.
Well connected to other parts of the country, the famed Tirupati Balaji Temple is located in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Located on the Venkatam Hill, said to be the sporting hill of lord Vishnu, the temple is one of the richest temples of the country. The main deity worshiped at the temple is lord Venkateswar or lord Balaji, who is believed to be the incarnation of lord Vishnu, one of the most revered Hindu god.
Main attraction of Tirupati Balaji Temple:
Sri Venkateshwara Temple situated at the hills of Tirumala is the major attraction of the spot and considered as the main seat to offer the prayers. Apart from this temple there are several other temples at the Tirupati Tirumalai Balaji, India that has gained importance. These temples are Sri Govindrajaswamy Temple, Sri Kapileshwaraswamy Temple, and Sri Kodandaramaswami Temple.
Tirupati Tirumala Balaji, India is the busiest religious place all over the world. Thus it attracts followers from all round the globe and earned the belief of the people.
How to reach There:
Tirupati Tirumala Balaji, India can be reached by all modes of transports including air, railways as well as the roadways. The airport of the town is just 15 kms away from the center of the city. It connected by the flights to every major city of the south India. Tirupati has got a railway junction, which is among the major junctions in that belt. The trains connect it several of the major cities of south India. It is 704 kms away from Hyderabad the capital of the state. It is connected to many of the major cities by the roads.